Protected region with an area of 4926.28 sq. km
If you have a map-adjusted eye, this paragraph will make visible one of those intersections. The Satpura National Park takes its name from the Satpura hills that range across central India. It covers 524 sq.km of protected forests. In 1999, the Madhya Pradesh Government created the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, a protected region with an area of 4926.28 sq. km, covering three conservation units: Bori Wildlife Sanctuary (518.00 sq. km), Pachmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary (461.37 sq. km), and Satpura National Park. This Reserve has a designated core zone which is the Satpura National Park. The remaining area is described as the Buffer Zone—a sprawling 4501.91 sq km area spread across the districts of Betul, Hoshangabad and Chhindwara that is slowly being reclaimed by the jungle.
While the terrain is largely hilly, the action of the local streams over many millennia has resulted in deep and narrow gorges and ravine—a landscape that perfectly suits the reclusive habits of the tiger. The Tawa reservoir and the many streams that feed into it--such as the Denwa and the Sonbhadra--ensure that a good part of the park is well-watered.
The park is classified as part of the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forests eco-region and forms part of a zone of steady transition between the forests of eastern India and Western India—the careful observer will thus come across stands of both Teak and Sal (Shorea robusta).
This confers on those who arrive here the privilege of being at the exact place where several habitats coincide and overlap. Apart from the tiger and the leopard, the area is also home to Gaur - the Indian Bison, to the Sloth Bear, to several species of deer, the Chausingha or four-horned antelope, and the Nilgai antelope, the wild dog, the wolf, the hyena and the Rhesus Macaque. The Malabar Giant Squirrel and the Mouse Deer, unusual species for Central India, have also been spotted here. Among the smaller mammals reported are the Indian Civet, the Palm Civet, the Indian Porcupine, the Bengal Fox, the Black-naped Hare, the Jungle cat and the Rusty Spotted Cat.